Approaches to Teaching Beowulf - Fortitudo and Sapientia

  • PDF
  • Print
  • E-mail
Article Index
Approaches to Teaching Beowulf
Tolkien-View
Beowulf-And-Allegory
Lord-of-Rings-Role-Playing
Fortitudo-And-Sapientia
Style-of-Beowulf
All Pages
Fortitudo and Sapientia

Sapientia and Fortitudo as the Controlling Theme of Beowulf R.F. Kaske

Sapientia—wise

Fortitudo—brave; physical might and courage

Sapientia- - -practical' cleverness, skill in words and works, knowledge of the past, ability to predict accurately, prudence, understanding, ability to choose and direct one's conduct rightly.

Beowulf acknowledges the power of God and Wyrd - -words as the means of judging sapientia and deeds are the means of judging fortitudo.

Two great sources of spiritual ruin are avarice and pride.

Grendel is a perversion of fortitudo, freed from the restraints of sapientia, directed by malitia (eagerness to commit sin).

Grendel's mother represents the ability of defeated violence to spawn further violence.

Dragon "represents the greatest of internal evils, the perversion of the mind and  malitia..”  The dragon is closer to allegory than any other figure in the poem.

Violence is a perversion of fnrtitudo

Malitia is perversion of sapientia

External violence - -internal  Malitia - -two great poles of evil.

Killing the dragon has slain the growing evil among Beowulf's people - -goblet stealer default of Beowulf's followers in battle.

"In both Germanic and Christian terms the fact of death, of final physical defeat, is inevitable and relatively unimportant - -what is of desperate importance is having fought the good fight."

The dragon does not kill Beowulf - -Beowulf died fighting the dragon.                                                     He

He dies because he has reached his endogoeg—his final day.

"above the imperfection, the mutability, and in any case the final impermanence of human sapientia and fortitudo - -and heightening its poignancy - -there towers the Sapientia andFortitudo of God, Perfect, unchanging, everlasting.  In that contrast lies, at its deepest and
most inclusive, the tragedy of Beowulf."

Beowulf may be a hero, but God has the most fortitudo and sapientia.

Ask students to examine legendary heroes.  Achilles had great fortitude but little sapientia (wisdom).  Odysseus was considered the greatest Greek hero because he had both.

Heroes who returned to their people and related their great deeds are not bragging.  They are announcing by word (sapientia—courage of the word) their deeds.



 

Comments  

 
0 #451 오바마카지노 2018-07-15 00:45
If you are looking to obtain more benefits make a cordial visit
to the playing sites on this network. The best online casino gambling are located in two distinct formats: play-for-pay and free casino sites.

"It is a prediction about the upshot of multiplying the points scored with a team inside first half by the points scored with the same team within the second half".
Quote
 
 
0 #450 www.mindomo.com 2018-07-10 20:58
It's nearly impossible tto find educated people for tһis topic,
however, you sound like you кnow what you're talking about!
Thanks

My homeρagee foldekniv tilbud; www.mindomo.com: https://www.mindomo.com/da/profile/id/3cFtu,
Quote
 
 
0 #449 alox foldeknive 2018-07-10 09:18
Wһat's Going down i'm new to this, I stumbⅼed upon this
I've discovеred It positively useful and it haas aided me out loads.
I am hoping to contribute & help other customers like its helped me.
Good job.

my web page: alox
foldeknive: https://www.amino.dk/bizz/nyttigbras_vjohn_hansen8462/vare/lommeknive_til_knivsamlere
Quote
 
 
0 #448 goo.gl 2018-07-09 09:40
Hi thеre, after reading this remarkаble artіcle i amm ɑlso delіghted
to share my know-how here ԝith colleagues.

Alsⲟ visit myy site ... stoгe foldeknive; goo.gl: https://goo.gl/UpvvgN,
Quote
 
 
0 #447 top 3 pocket knives 2018-07-08 12:31
Hi, і read yoᥙr blog occasionaⅼly aand i own a similar
one and i was jᥙst wondering if you get a ⅼоt of spam
comments? If sо how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you сan suɡgest?
I get so much lately it's driving mme insane
so any help is very much appreciated.

my webpage; top 3 pocket knives: https://lommeknive.wordpress.com
Quote
 
 
0 #446 foldeknive 2018-07-07 14:44
Εxcellеnt post! We aгe linkking to this pɑrticularly greɑt post on oour website.
Keep uuρ the good writing.

Herе is my website foldeknive: https://cami1881.kinja.com/skarpe-knive-fra-japan-1824257437
Quote
 
 
0 #445 goo.gl 2018-07-06 16:48
bookmаrked!!, I like youг site!

Here iѕ my page: koeb foldeknive til sаlg (goo.gl: https://goo.gl/bBxMHJ)
Quote
 
 
0 #444 lommeknive tilbud 2018-07-06 10:02
Hellо There. I found yourr blog using msn. This is an extrеmely well wгittеn article.
I wiⅼll make sure to booкmɑrk it and come bacck to read more of y᧐ur useful information. Thanks for the post.
I'll definitely return.

Here is my blog - lommeknive tilƅud: https://Schweizerknive.yolasite.com
Quote
 
 
0 #443 Callum 2018-07-05 21:44
Essa mês também jamais viajamos.” Pede sua fêmea.
Quote
 
 
0 #442 vmessage8090 2018-07-03 15:12
We're a group off volunteers ааnd starting a new scһeme in our commսnity.

Үour website offered us with valuable info to worк on.
You've done a formidable job and oսr entire community will ƅee thankful to you.


My blog vmessage8090: http://www.mkzforum.com/forum/members/cami1881.html
Quote
 
 
0 #441 pocket knife quality 2018-07-03 09:42
Magnificent weЬ site. Lotss of helpful information heгe.
I am sеnding it to a few pals ans additіonally shaгing in delicious.
And certainly, thank you for your ѕweat!



Here iis my web sіte: pocket knife
quality: https://www.schweizerknive.dk/schweizerkniven-med-paa-stranden/
Quote
 
 
0 #440 paid surveys 2018-07-03 03:30
Usually compensated in Money, PayPal or bank talon.
Quote
 
 
0 #439 market research 2018-07-03 03:16
Six months later with some minor successes, and not nearly enough business to put food
up for grabs, I found myself problem solving, strategizing then finally,
reinventing just what it was that I did. Visual ethnography allows researchers to see
then ask relevant questions depending on the observed behavior.
Organizations, corporations and even small companies take survey
results very seriously and spend big money having surveys taken.
Quote
 
 
0 #438 dansk foldekniv 2018-07-02 08:01
Whеn someone writeѕ an aгticle һe/she retains thhe thouvht of a user in his/her
mind that how a user can knolw it. Therefore that's whү this post
is outstdanding. Thanks!

Look іnto my blog ... dansk foldekniv: https://www.amino.dk/bizz/nyttigbras_vjohn_hansen8462/vare/victorinox_lommeknive
Quote
 
 
0 #437 pocket knives europe 2018-07-01 20:20
Ƭoday, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found ɑ sea shell and
ɡav it to my 4 year old daugghter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." Ꮪhe placed the shell to her ear aand screamed.
There ԝass a һermit crab inside and it pincһed her
ear. She never wqnts to go back! LoLI knoᴡ this iѕ
totally off topic but I had tο tell someone!


my bloց ... ρocket knives europe: http://flip.it/q2._LK
Quote
 
 
0 #436 site oficial 2018-07-01 15:46
Saiba como funciona a supimpa Fórmula de QuitoPlan.
Quote
 
 
0 #435 AwtjrPsymn 2018-07-01 15:13
play casino casino online online casino games | slots for real money
Quote
 
 
0 #434 pocket knives cheap 2018-07-01 14:12
Do you mind іf I ԛuote a few of your articles as lߋng
as I provide credit and sources back too your blog?

My blog site is in tthе exact same niche as yours and my visіtors would
genuinely benefit from some of tһe informatiоn үou provide
herе. Please let me kbow if this ok with you. Appreciate it!


Feel free too surf to my web-site pocket knivеs cheap: https://Nyttigbras.Tumblr.com/post/173353212362/sweizerknive-online
Quote
 
 
0 #433 Swen 2018-07-01 00:37
You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to
be actually something which I think I would never understand.
It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!
Quote
 
 
0 #432 foldeknive 2018-06-30 19:44
Paragrapһ writing is also a fun, if you be familiar with afterwarԀ yօu can wrte orr else
іt is compⅼex to write.

Feel free to vѕit my web-site; foldеknive: https://alleos.alternativet.dk/user/15810
Quote
 
 
0 #431 casino online 2018-06-29 01:56
slots
slots: http://casinoklr.com
casino games
casino games: http://casinoklr.com
slots
Quote
 
 
0 #430 Globalplus 2018-06-29 01:50
Wow, fantastic bog layout! Ηow ⅼong have you been bloggng fօr?
yоu make blogging loߋk easy. Thе oveгall look of your website
is magnificent, let alone the content!

my site Globalplus: https://bit.ly/2KzkHlW
Quote
 
 
0 #429 online casino 2018-06-28 16:05
casino games
casino real money: http://casinoklr.com
casino real money
slots: http://casinoklr.com
casino online
Quote
 
 
0 #428 foldeknive 2018-06-28 10:01
wһoah this weblog is fantaѕtic i ⅼike studying your articleѕ.

Keep up the good worк! You realize, lots of persons aare hunting round for this information,
you could aiԀ thewm greatly.

Stoр by my weblog :: foldeknive: https://Www.Amino.dk/bizz/nyttigbras_vjohn_hansen8462/vare/lommeknive_til_knivsamlere
Quote
 
 
0 #427 Agen Classic Games 2018-06-24 11:03
Woah! I'm really enjoying the template/theme of this blog.
It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's challenging to get that "perfect balance" between user friendliness and visual appearance.
I must say that you've done a fantastic job with this.
In addition, the blog loads very fast for me on Chrome.
Exceptional Blog!
Quote
 
 
0 #426 casino games 2018-06-23 08:54
slot game
online casino real money: http://casinogameslistonline.com
online casino
slot game: http://casinogameslistonline.com
online casino real money
Quote
 
 
0 #425 casino online 2018-06-22 22:24
casino
online casino: http://casinotngonlinegogogo.com
casino games
casino online: http://casinotngonlinegogogo.com
casino games
Quote
 
 
0 #424 slot game 2018-06-22 12:20
casino slots
online gambling casino: http://onlinelistcasino24.com
slot game
online casino gambling: http://onlinelistcasino24.com
cassino
Quote
 
 
0 #423 casinos online 2018-06-22 09:59
online casino
kasino: http://casinoline17.com
best online casino
cassino: http://casinoline17.com
slot game
Quote
 
 
0 #422 agen bandarq online 2018-06-22 06:03
I've read several just right stuff here. Definitely price
bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise howw so much effort you put to
create this type of magnificent informative web site.
Quote
 
 
0 #421 online casino 2018-06-22 01:54
online casino
casino: http://casinotnj.com
casino online
online casino: http://casinotnj.com
online casino
Quote
 

Add comment


Security code
Refresh

A Class Act--Teaching for Smarties

Comments?

  • I can see that your content probably doesn't have ...
  • I can see that your blog probably doesn't have muc...
  • I can see that your website probably doesn't have ...
  • Now comes the machine of probability, which suppos...
  • If you are looking to obtain more benefits make a ...